The wet and the dry: traditional irrigation in
Bali and Morocco,
in: Human Ecology (New-York/N.Y./USA: Plenum Publ. Corp.), vol. 1 no. 1 (1973), pp. 23-39
(by Clifford Geertz)
The comparative perspective is of central
importance to effective analysis in human ecology. This paper compares
"traditional" irrigation systems in 2 quite disparate settings: east
central Morocco & southeastern Bali. Bali, which has a tropical climate
& a plentiful water supply displays a highly collective approach to the org
of irrigation facilities. Morocco, which is essentially an arid country,
displays, on the contrary, a much more individual, property-based approach to
water regulation. The internal org of these 2 regimes is described & their
connection with more general cultural & ecological factors is traced, in an
attempt to demonstrate that patterns of adaptation are susceptible to the same
pattern of analysis as other aspects of soc & cultural life. The contrast
between the strongly group-oriented Balinese approach to water control &
distribution & the highly individualistic Moroccan one is said to extend in
an overall way to the 2 societies as a whole.
source: Sociological Abstracts Inc. (paper version)
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