Capital intensive agriculture in a peasant society: a case study
in: Social Research: vol. 23 no. 4 (1956), pp. 433-449.


(by Clifford Geertz)




An economic analysis of commercial agriculture introduced by Europeans to central Java, Indonesia, immediately before WWII & its effects on the indigenous peasant society. Normally, the contact between capitalist & precapitalist patterns has been viewed as disruptive by most social scientists. Data collected during a 1953/54 study of a small town (name not given) with several sugar mills located close to sugar cane plantations showed that there existed the possibility for capital transfer to be made in a manner beneficial to the natives. A variety of conflicting economic forces, however, eventually led to development along traditional imperialist lines. It is suggested that under Indonesian independence, the conditions have once again arisen for the nonexploitative integration between Javanese sugar production & a more advanced technology, eg, the manufacture of soft drinks, candy, etc. M. Meeks



source: Sociological Abstracts Inc. (paper version)


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